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The World's First Gold, (dated from 4,500 BC)
Near the port of Varna, the oldest gold treasure in the world (dated from 4,500 BC) was found In 1972.
An ancient necropolis with 280 tombs and 3,010 golden objects were found weighing over 6 kg altogether.
According to experts it is the oldest processed gold ever found.
Pobitite Kamani near Varna - a unique reserve 12 to 6 millennia BC:
On the Black Sea coast, close to the city of Varna lies a unique nature and archaeological reserve Pobitite Kamani, or Fossil Forest in English.
With the locals it is better known under the name Dikilitash, a locality that looks like a stone desert, however with a much more tolerable climate and an exciting origin.
Here one comes across the only archaeological site in Bulgaria dated to the Mesolite era 12 to 6 millennia BC.
To find out more about the reserve and its origin Andrey Melamed interviewed Chavdar Nachev from Earth & People Museum.
"I should like to begin with the location of Pobitite Kamani: it lies some 20 km to the west of Varna and covers an area of 70 square kilometers. Pobitite Kamani are hollow stone pillars rising from the earth. At certain points there are clusters of some 500 pillars very close to one another. Their height varies from 2 to 10 meters and their width from 20 to 60 cm. The most celebrated part of the reserve on both sides of the road to Varna includes some 100 pillars.
This unique nature phenomenon enjoys international acclaim and is included in the routes of local travel agents. Another interesting section of the reserve is near the town of Beloslav. Within a 1-km distance there are 500 stone fossils arranged in five levels.
Interestingly, the fossil forest was formed over a period of 53 to 51 million years ago. It took the fossil forest about 2 million years to emerge the way we see it today.
The stone pillars originated in a shallow sea, about 70 meters deep, and represent biogenic formations resulting from the activity of carbonate blue-green algae and bacteria.
There is no such recorded phenomenon in the world so far."
The Beloslav-West quarry offers an impressive vista, 1.2 km long and 45 m high.
The stone panorama inspires visitors with profound admiration for the Great Creator - Nature.
The geological phenomenon has not been protected properly. It was declared a protected zone only in 1995.
"The combination of a unique geological and archaeological site is very uncommon", Mr. Nachev thinks:
"By end-19 c. Pobitite Kamani was a locality with a well-developed deciduous forest.
The forest landscape and the shallow caves cut into limestone layers, obviously allowed the Mesolite population to settle there."
Back at that time, humans started to make arrows, axes and other stone tools.
Their skills were imperfect and the tools were small.
The stones found in the region were OK for those early humans in both texture and size. That’s why the Mesolite humans chose this terrain to settle.
About the future of Pobitite Kamani Mr. Chavdar Nachev says: "In 21 c. mankind will address its nature heritage. People will go back in time to their creator - Nature and will take care of its conservation for the sake of the generations to come.
Pobitite Kamani in Varna is part of the precious nature heritage of the world".
Written by Andrey Melamed
English version - Daniela Konstantinova
Extract from http://www.bnr.bg/RadioBulgaria
Other Historical Sites
Descriptions of other historical sites will appear here.
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