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Pictures of Varna, Black Sea, Bulgaria
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Varna's main beach.
Varna's main beach, about 10 mins drive away from the villa.
Varna, from the other side of the bay. Not many people swim on this side, as the beaches are not as nice.
Sunset over Varna.
Varna cathedral in central Varna.
Varna yacht harbour.
Map of Varna bay/lake.
Sunset over the bay.
The city of Varna is situated at the Bay of Varna on the Black Sea.
About 560 years B.C. sprang up the town of Odessos in the area of an ancient Thracian settlement. It developed into a major agricultural, craftsman and commercial center. By the ninth century AD, it was already called Varna. It is believed that the name originates from the horse people of Central Asia.
The city stands above the sea in tiers and follows the curves of the Bay of Varna.
With a population of 425,137 it is Bulgaria's third largest city, following Sofia and Plovdiv.
Varna has known many incarnations.
Today this is the largest city on Bulgaria's Black Sea coast and is the main port for both naval and commercial shipping.
Because it is a close neighbor to the popular coastal resorts of Golden Sands, St. Constantine, and Albena, Varna has a cosmopolitan atmosphere.
Varna is also the host city of numerous prestigious cultural events.
During occupation by Turkish forces in the last decades of the 14th century, Varna preserved its significance as a port and trade center.
As Bulgaria fell under the Ottoman yoke, the only bearers of the Bulgarian cultural tradition remained within the folklore, the people's festivities, and the church paintings.
In 1881, after the liberation, the mayor of Varna Mihail Koloni brought up the question about a modern public park.
His offer was at first scoffed by the local municipal councilors but a fund for the project was granted. Soon the park enlarged to 26 decares, 130 trees were planted, paths were cleared and ''towards nightfall alleys thronged by a long train of gentlemen and dressed-up ladies''.
Seaside Garden - the biggest park of Varna, is situated close to the beach.
Within the park area, there are the Seaside Baths, the Navy Museum, the Museum of Natural History, the Aquarium (in the photo to the left), the Astronomical Observatory and the Planetarium which organizes observation seances for visitors, Dolphinarium with an entertaining presentation.
The Seaside Garden is not only a nature reserve, but also a recreational place for the citizens and visitors.
The first cafeteria was placed on piles and covered with straw, a fountain spring was also built. In 1906 the foundation of the Aquarium, one of Varna's most famous sights, was laid. The building of the Aquarium (unique exposition of water organisms - Black Sea, freshwater, tropical fishes) was completed in 1911 and was later adapted to the needs of the Naval Engineering School and later on - of the Fishery School. It was not until 17 September 1932 that the Aquarium was opened for visitors. A Black Sea relief is modeled in front of it.
Close by, the first Open Theatre was built in 1920 and between 1926 - 1939 it hosted the Varna Musical Celebrations, forerunner of the present Varna Summer Festival.
The existing Open Theatre was built in 1960-1961.A favorite spot for both local residents and tourists is the dolphinarium in the Seaside Park. Its organized attractions and architecture are unique in all of Bulgaria.
Varna International Airport:
More than 40 airlines have launched charter flights to Varna. Last year for the first time, passengers from Madrid and Lisbon will be also able to land directly in Varna.
Varna-Budapest regular flights are scheduled by Malev Airlines of Budapest, on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays. The tally of passengers arriving at Varna Airport marked an increase of 48% in January 2005 compared to 2004.
Bulgaria Air has regular flights from Varna to Amsterdam, Vienna and Frankfurt.
The Varna-Amsterdam-Varna flight will run every Monday, the Varna-Vienna-Varna one - every Friday, and the return flight to Frankfurt will be scheduled every Sunday.
Austrian Airlines have regular flights between Vienna and Varna. These are scheduled four times weekly, including Monday, Wednesday, Thursday and Sunday.
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